How Gold Prices Are Determined: Factors That Affect Cost


Gold is a precious metal with a long history dating back to ancient civilizations. Gold is often used as a store of value or an investment, but how is the price of gold determined? Read on to learn more about the key factors that affect gold prices.

Supply and Demand

One of the most fundamental concepts in economics is supply and demand. The price of gold is determined by how much gold is available (the supply) and how much people are willing to pay for it (the demand). If there is more gold available than people want to buy, the price will go down. If there are more buyers than sellers, the price will go up.

Supply can be affected by gold mining, gold recycling, and central bank gold reserve selling. For example, if gold mines have a poor year and produce less gold, the price of gold will likely increase. If recycled gold increases or central banks sell gold from their reserves, the price of gold will go down.

Demand can be affected by investor demand, industrial demand, and central bank gold buying. For example, if investors buy gold as a safe haven investment during an economic downturn, the price of gold will likely go up. The price will also increase if gold is heavily used in jewelry or other industries. If central banks buy gold to increase their reserves, the price will likely go up.


Inflation is another important factor that affects gold prices. Inflation is the rate at which the prices of goods and services increase over time. When inflation goes up, gold prices usually go up as well. This is because gold tends to be a good hedge against inflation. It keeps its value better than other investments when inflation is high.

Investors often turn to gold during periods of high inflation because it is a good way to preserve their wealth. For example, if the inflation rate in the United States is 2% and gold prices increase by 3%, investors will have made a real return on their investment in gold.

Although gold is a good hedge against inflation, it is not perfect. Gold prices can sometimes go down even when inflation is rising. This often happens when investors are worried about other economic factors, such as a recession.

Consider all of the factors that could affect gold prices before making any decisions. To get a better idea of what might happen, talk to a credible gold buyer to keep up with the latest news and analysis.

Reach out to a company like Beaverton Coin & Currency to learn more.


9 August 2022

Money Services 101: A Helpful Blog

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